Fertility Tests for Men
Male problems account for about one-third of the causes of infertility among infertile couples. Therefore, infertility treatment is not limited to examining a woman’s condition. Problems such as inability to ejaculate or produce sperm, low sperm motility, improper shape and low quality of sperm, etc. are among the problems that cause infertility in men. Therefore, at the beginning of the infertility treatment process, it is very important to perform tests and initial examinations of the man. The results of male tests along with the results of fertility tests for women help the specialist doctor to identify the cause of infertility and suggest an effective treatment method.
Tests that a man should do before starting the IVF process
In this article, we will introduce the tests that a man needs to do before starting the infertility treatment process. These tests should be done before any treatment, such as IUI, IVF, ICSI, and donated eggs, to identify and treat if there is a problem with the sperm or male sperm ducts.
Semen analysis or spermogram(Semen Analysis)
Spermogram test is the most important test to assess the health and quality of sperm. This test measures the number, shape, and motility of sperm, which are the three main factors in sperm health. A semen test helps the doctor assess a man’s fertility and determine if it is infertile. It is best not to ejaculate for 2 to 7 days before having a spermogram test. The sample test should be prepared in specialized laboratories. If this is not possible for the person, he can take the sample out of the laboratory by taking a special sample container from the laboratory. After preparing the sample, the person should deliver the sample to the laboratory by placing the sample container close to the body for a maximum of one hour.
The results of the semen test are compared with the baseline numbers announced by the World Health Organization. Therefore, the results of this test alone do not guarantee fertility or confirm infertility. The sample of natural semen is generally milky and the number of sperm per cc is at least 15 million. . If 40% of all sperms are motile, at least 32% are progressive, and at least 4% of sperm are normal shape, the normal sample is evaluated.
Sperm DNA Failure Test (DFI)
About 30% to 50% of male infertility cases are due to defects in sperm DNA. Many factors such as cancer, infections, high fever, high testicular temperature, drug use, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress, air pollution, occupational pollutants, poor diet, varicocele, and aging can damage sperm DNA. Therefore, sperm DNA testing is necessary to diagnose the causes of infertility. DFI test is performed to detect defects in sperm DNA. This test measures the rate of sperm DNA breakdown and measures the degree of integration or fragmentation of sperm DNA.
The results of the DFI test can help to choose the best treatment for infertility and increase the likelihood of successful treatment. The DFI test of less than 25% indicates the desired sperm DNA status, but if the DFI test result is higher than 25%, it indicates damage to sperm DNA that needs to be examined and treated. Consumption of certain medications and lifestyle modifications can help treat sperm DNA failure. In addition, replacing IVF with ICSI therapy can increase the chances of fertility in people with sperm DNA damage.
The testicle is part of the male reproductive system that secretes sperm and male sex hormones. Sometimes the cause of infertility in men is a problem with the testicles and sperm ducts. Testicular ultrasound is one way to diagnose testicular and duct problems. In the testicular ultrasound, images of the testicles are taken to examine the obstruction of the ejaculatory duct, the structure, and the function of the testicles.
Free consultation with the best infertility treatment specialists in Iran
You can get free advice from the best fertility treatment specialists in Iran by performing the relevant fertility tests for men and women and sending the results. Our experienced specialists will help you choose the most effective method of infertility treatment by diagnosing the causes of infertility. We are with you to spend your infertility treatment with ease in the best infertility treatment centers in Iran.